Hobart is the capital city of the state of Tasmania.
About 215 000 people live in the city.
The city is built on the Derwent River.
It is the second oldest capital city in Australia.
The City of Hobart, Australia
The city covers an area of 936 square kilometres and is built on the Derwent River.
The city was officially named in 1804, after Lord Hobart who was the Secretary of State for the colonies in the British government.
The first people to live in the Hobart area were Aboriginal peoples.
They had occupied the land for many thousands of years before European settlers arrived. The Nuenonne people lived on the land in the Hobart area. They made sea journeys to catch fish and hunt seals and birds. European whalers attacked the aborigines and took away their women. In 1804 European settlement began and the Aborigines were forced off their lands. Many were killed in battles with settlers. Later, the Aboriginal people were convinced to move from the mainland to Flinders Island in Bass Strait.
Today, the city is run by a city council, elected by the people of the city. A Lord Mayor leads the city council. The Parliament of Tasmania is in Hobart.
Hobart is the business centre for Tasmania and is a modern city of offices, theatres, cinemas and restaurants. There is a blend of older style buildings and new modern buildings and there are many parks and gardens.
Thousands of tourist visit Hobart every year.
The Sydney to Hobart yacht race in an annual sporting event.
The weather in Hobart
The weather is temperate, which means that it is rarely very hot or very cold. During the summer the average temperature is about 22C but the temperature can reach 30C. In winter the average temperature is about 12C and snow falls on the mountains and hills near the city.
A short timeline of European settlement and development 1803 – 2002
Lieutenant Bowen established a colony of 39 people at Risdon Cove. 24 were convicts.
Lieutenenant Colonel David Collins brings more people from New South Wales. He moves the settlement to Hobart for better water supply.
The first free settlers arrive.
Hobart becomes the first city to have electric powered trams and trolley buses
Governor Macquarie (of NSW) visits and plans the town. He names Macquarie Street after himself!
Work begins on the Botanic Gardens
Australia's oldest brewery established. 'Cascade'
Van Diemans Land (not called Tasmania yet!) made a separate colony.
A road links Hobart and Launceston
Tabletop Mountain renamed Mount Wellington
Theatre Royal opened. It is the oldest surviving theatre in Australia.
Hobart Town made a city
Colony renamed Tasmania after Abel Tasman who discovered the island.
A floating bridge (The Hobart Bridge) opened across the Derwent
Tasman Bridge opened
First legal casino in Australia opens in Hobart
A ship strikes the Tasman Bridge. It is 2 years before it is opened again.
6 houses and over 3,000 hectares of land in the Hobart area were destroyed by fire on 17 January
Federation Concert Hall was opened on 4 September
The Museum of Old and New Art, (MONA) opens and becomes a popular tourist destination.
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